ANNEAL systems contain stainless steel vacuum chambers fitted with various heating technologies for annealing substrates up to 6″ diameter at controlled temperatures up to 1000 °C. Options include a variety of process gases and pumping systems, together with automatic pressure control for precise, repeatable sample processing. All in a benchtop package! Find out more
Compared to other photovoltaic technologies, perovskite solar cells are currently showing impressive rates of performance improvement. We take a look at the fabrication process and useful systems for deposition.